African countries legalizing homosexuality


Across much of Africa, gay people face discrimination, persecution, and potentially even death.

In Nigeria, there is a 14-year jail term for anyone caught in homosexual activity.

1. Rwanda

In Rwanda, homosexual activities have been made legal since 1980.


Female sexual activities have been legal for a long period due to cultural acceptance, but male involvements were only legal in 2012.

3. Guinea Bissau

Just like other countries with constitutional recognition of LGBT activities in their countries, Guinea Bissau has given legal backing to the acts since 1993.

4. Cape Verde

Cape Verde is only the country that has a law protecting discrimination against homosexual in Africa.

All homosexual activities and their rights have been legal in the country since 2004.

5. Equatorial Guinea

Equatorial Guinea has one of the oldest laws legalising homosexual acts in Africa. The activities of LGBT has been made lawful since 1968.

6. Sao Tome and Principe

The island nation of Sao Tome and Principe has legalized homosexual acts since 2012.

7. Mozambique

LGBT activities in Mozambique have been declared legal by law since 2015.

In the Southern African country, being a homosexual is not a crime, but the union between practicing partners has not been legalized by the law while it is however silent on it.

8. South Africa

For South Africa, female engagements in homosexual acts have always been legal and supported by law in the country.


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