Human Immunodeficiency Virus is a virus that weakens the human immune system, sometimes leading to AIDS. If detected early, HIV can be managed to prevent it from progressing to the final stage of AIDS.
Swaziland has the highest rate of HIV/AIDS infection in the world. 27.20% of the country’s population lives with the infection.
Most of the HIV infections in Swaziland are transmitted through unprotected sex
25.00% of the population of Lesotho is infected with HIV/AIDS.
Most of the infected to persons are members of the lower-economic groups who are riddled with poverty.
Botswana has the world’s third-highest prevalence rate of HIV/AIDS. 21.90% of the population is HIV positive.
Female sex workers have the highest rate of HIV infections. A greater percentage of the adult female population is affected by the epidemic than men.
4. South Africa
South Africa has the fourth-highest HIV/AIDS prevalence rate with 18.90% of the population testing positive for the virus.
Lack of education, misguided beliefs about the disease, and sexual violence have contributed to these high rates.