At 19,340 feet, the highest point in Africa is Mt. Kilimanjaro, located in Tanzania and is a popular mountain climbing destination. The lowest point on the African continent is Lake ‘Asal, located in Djibouti, at 502 feet below sea level
- Deforestation rates in Africa are twice the average for the rest of the world with more than four million hectares of primary forest disappearing every year. Countries like Kenya, Malawi and Zambia have 1-5% of the primary forests remaining. Forests used to cover over 20% of Africa’s 30 million square kilometres with almost all currently being destroyed and degraded by commercial and subsistence logging, as well as land conversion to plantations, agriculture, mines, roads and settlements.
- The productivity of about 65% of the continent’s agricultural lands has declined significantly with vast tracts of land have been degraded by erosion, poor land management practices, mining and pollution over the last 50 year.