Each country in Africa is independent and may not fall into the African economical stereotype, but as a whole Africa is a very poor continent.
- Limited groundwater represents only 15% of the continent’s total renewable water resources. New discoveries of groundwater reserves in large sedimentary basins in Libya, Algeria and Chad may slack Africa’s growing thirst for the next few decades.
- The productivity of about 65% of the continent’s agricultural lands has declined significantly with vast tracts of land have been degraded by erosion, poor land management practices, mining and pollution over the last 50 years.
- Some landscapes are estimated to lose over 50 metric tonnes of soil per hectare per year due to neglect and desertification.