The African continent is commonly divided into five subregions: North or Northern Africa, West Africa, Central or Middle Africa, East Africa, and Southern Africa.
- Highest Mountain: Mt Kilimanjaro in Tanzania. The highest peak of the mountain ‘Kibo Peak’, also called ‘Uhuru Peak’, (4,895metres/16,060ft) is located in the Tanzanian highlands.
- Longest River: Nile (6,852metres/4,258miles). The Nile is the longest river in the world. The Nile has two sources: The White Nile coming from Lake Victoria in Tanzania and the Blue Nile coming from Lake Tana in Ethiopia. The river mouth is in Egypt. The confluence in Khartoum/Sudan.
- Biggest Island: Madagascar in the Indian Ocean. Madagascar is the fourth largest island in the world (after Greenland, New Guinea and Borneo)