Africa is comprised of 55 separate countries and nine territories, and two de facto states that are basically their own entities with no special rights or recognition.
- The name ‘Africa’ came into Western use through the Romans. The word has its roots in two different languages – in Latin (“Aprica”) it means ‘Sunny’, and in Greek (“Aphrike”) it means ‘Without cold’.
- The oldest human remains ever discovered were found in Ethiopia, which is approximately 200,000-year-old.
- Between the period of 1881 and 1914, the entire African continent went through the turmoil of invasion, occupation, division, colonization and annexation by European powers. This phase was popularly known as “Scramble of Africa”. Only Ethiopia and Liberia were out of this turmoil.
- The Second Congo War (1998-2006), claimed the second-highest number of casualties (5.4 million lives) since World War II. The conflict involved eight African countries.