Africa is the most interesting and diverse continent on earth. It is the home of an incredible variety of people, animals, climates, and spectacular places. It is a country known for its beautiful colourful clothing and its history of incredible works of art. Africa is where human beings first appeared on earth and the home of the world’s first great civilization, Egypt which dates to 3300 BC.
1 Limited groundwater represents only 15% of the continent’s total renewable water resources. New discoveries of groundwater reserves in large sedimentary basins in Libya, Algeria and Chad may slack Africa’s growing thirst for the next few decades…
2 The productivity of about 65% of the continent’s agricultural lands has declined significantly with vast tracts of land have been degraded by erosion, poor land management practices, mining and pollution over the last 50 years.
3 Some landscapes are estimated to lose over 50 metric tonnes of soil per hectare per year due to neglect and desertification.
4 Over 30% of Africa’s pasture land and almost 20% of all forests and woodlands are classified as moderately- or heavily-degraded.