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The world’s second-largest and second-most-populous continent is located on the African continental plate. The “Dark Continent” is divided roughly into two parts by the equator and surrounded by sea except where the Isthmus of Suez joins it to Asia. In the north, the continent is bounded by the Mediterranean Sea and the Strait of Gibraltar, in the west by the Atlantic Ocean, in the south and the southeast by the Indian Ocean, and on its north-eastern coast by the Red Sea, and the Gulf of Aden.
- The Sahara is the largest desert in the world. In fact, it’s bigger than the United States!
- There are eight major geographical regions in Africa, each with its own unique landscape: the Sahara Desert, the savanna, the Sahel, the African Great Lakes, the Swahili Coast, South Africa and the rain forest.
- Land Area of Africa: 11,670,000 (mi²) / 28,489,869 (km²); Population of Africa: 1,119,307,147 (2016); Largest City in Africa: Lagos, Nigeria (15,118,780 (2014)
- Africa is the world’s oldest populated area. Archaeologists have found evidence that the human species has lived on the continent for roughly 7 million years!
- Almost half of the gold ever mined on Earth has come from a single place – Witwatersrand, South Africa.