South Africa’s President Cyril Ramaphosa vowed to bring about “hope and renewal” as he was inaugurated at a stadium in the capital Pretoria.
The African National Congress (ANC) leader vowed to tackle corruption and rejuvenate the struggling economy.
He was elected earlier this month with a majority of 57.5%, the smallest since the party came to power 25 years ago.
Mr Ramaphosa initially took over from Jacob Zuma in 2018 after Mr Zuma was accused of corruption.
Mr Ramaphosa is the country’s fifth democratically elected president since apartheid ended in 1994.
“There shall no longer be any person in this land who will be unable to meet their basic needs,” he promised.
Heads of state from more than 40 countries attended the inauguration and Mr Ramaphosa thanked them for their “sacrifices and tireless contributions” for the “liberation of our land”.