“Do They Know It’s Christmas?” is a song written in 1984 by Bob Geldof and Midge Ure in reaction to television reports of the 1983–1985 famine in Ethiopia. It was first recorded in a single day on 25 November 1984 by Band Aid. The recording was followed by a Live Aid a concert in 1985.
The 1985 Live Aid concert was conceived as a follow-on to the successful charity single “Do They Know It’s Christmas?” the brainchild of Geldof and Ure.
Geldof then contacted colleagues in the music industry and persuaded them to record the single under the title ‘Band Aid’ for free. Geldof then set his sights on staging a huge concert to raise further funds. The idea to stage a charity concert to raise more funds for Ethiopia originally came from Boy George, the lead singer of Culture Club.
On the final night at Wembley, Saturday 22 December 1984, an impromptu gathering of some of the other artists from Band Aid joined Culture Club onstage at the end of the concert for an encore of “Do They Know It’s Christmas?”