The number of people living in the five biggest slums in the world amounts to 5.7 million.
Today by the most conservative estimates, about 900 million people live in slums.
The number goes up to 1.6 billion – which represents 1/4 of the world’s urban population.
By 2030, it’s estimated that it 1 in 4 people on the planet will live in a slum or other informal settlement.
Below is the world’s biggest slums:
1. Khayelitsha in Cape Town (South Africa): 400,000
2. Kibera in Nairobi (Kenya): 700,000
3. Dharavi in Mumbai (India): 1,000,000
4. Ne (Mexico): 1,200,000
5. Orangi Town in Karachi (Pakistan): 2,400,000
Due to population growth and the migration trend from rural areas to cities, these slums are clearly here to stay.
How to tackle the growth of the world’s slums:
1.Water & sanitation.
In the Khayelitsha slum of Cape Town, one toilet is shared by five families on average.
Most people use open fields to do their business, which contributes to the spread of diseases like cholera within communities.
It’s also the best place for criminals to attack.
2. More and better jobs
They usually move to larger cities looking for jobs, or any way to earn a living.
In the slum of Dharavi, Mumbai, children from rural areas as young as 10 receive training for their new work, collecting and recycling waste.
3. The need for schools
In Kibera slum, Nairobi, only a quarter of students attend formal schools.